Argonne National Laboratory, University of Chicago (retired)
Chicago, IL, USA
Abstract: The first computers were intended to perform simple calculations at a speed higher than the human brain. After several decades, computers began to contribute to text editing and data processing. In addition, computational science continued to have an impact on the modeling and simulation of complex phenomena at different temporal and spatial scales. Recently, the “resuscitation” of artificial intelligence has turned computers into “assistants” capable of guiding research and development in a meaningful way. With the continuous increase in the volume, variety and rate of data generation, human analysis becomes extremely difficult, if not impossible. In this conference, the concept of “intelligent software” is presented. The program includes elements of artificial intelligence such as machine learning, computer vision and natural language processing. The value of the approach is illustrated using examples of material design and real-time optimization of manufacturing processes. In addition, a discussion about the current and future applications of AI demonstrates that the human-computer partnership is changing science and technology for the better.
Dr. Marius Stan is a researcher and author in Chicago, U.S.A. He obtained his bachelor’s degree in physics from the University of Bucharest and his PhD in chemistry from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Romanian Academy. The Politehnica University of Bucharest awarded him the title of Doctor Honoris Causa. After moving to the U.S. in 1991, Dr. Stan was a Senior Scientist at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and National Director of Computer Science at the U.S. Department of Energy during the Obama administration. He later became the leader of the intelligent materials program at Argonne National Laboratory and Associate Professor at the University of Chicago and Northwestern University. Dr. Stan uses artificial intelligence (AI) and high-performance computer simulations to understand and predict the properties of complex systems with applications in energy (nuclear materials and batteries), electronics (computer memory) and national security. He has published extensively in scientific literature and holds several patents. In 2021 he decided to devote himself to personal projects centered on the use of artificial intelligence in science, technology, and art. Dr. Stan gives a series of talks on this topic at international events and is currently writing a book on human and artificial intelligence.